Required knowledge

A good knowledge of the following methods, terms, principles and the context in which they are relevant is a precondition for Medical Life Sciences:

Cell biology (lab experience is a must):

eukaryotes/prokaryotes

DNA replication

transcription

translation

molecular cloning

cell structure and organelles

 

Relevant literature:

Alberts, Bruce, Molecular Biology of the Cell - (Part I: introduction to the cell, II: basic genetic mechanisms, III: manipulating proteins, DNA, RNA)

 

Genetics (lab experience is a must):

PCR, molecular cloning, Sanger sequencing, nucleic acid hybridisation

human chromosomes, Mendelian inheritance

gene structure

 

Relevant literature:

Strachan, Thomas and Read, Andrew, Human Molecular Genetics, 4th edition (Garland Science 2011)

 

Biochemistry (lab experience is a must):

Chapters I+II in

Berg JM, Gumport RI, Stryer L et al., Biochemistry (6th ed., W.H. Freeman 2006)

 

Major principles in biology and scientists establishing them:

Theory of Evolution

Natural Selection

Charles Darwin

Jean-Baptise Lamarck

 

The importance of handling yourself in a laboratory

It is usually very helpful to have done additional lab internships of several weeks or months (in the industry or in academia) carrying out tasks in the lab self-guidedly.

The minimum requirement is lab experience in your Bachelor studies of several weeks (genetics, cell biology, biochemistry).